Why do rich countries have so many poor children?

first_imgMercatorNet 18 September 2014New Zealanders elect a new government on Saturday after a campaign in which several parties and advocacy groups have vied with each other to push child poverty to the top of the political agenda. That this should be the case might surprise the rest of the world.Ours is a small, prosperous country of 4.5 million people, a welfare state (albeit one made over to some extent by market forces) and an agricultural producer which sells food to the world. Yet enough children arrive at school without breakfast or lunch to warrant food programmes in schools serving the poorest areas. According to a benchmark 2012 report, many children come from homes that are cold, poorly furnished and often crowded, they lack raincoats and sturdy shoes for wet weather and largely miss out on fresh fruit and vegetables, which grow here the year round.At last count around 280,000 children lived in households below a poverty line of 60 percent of median income adjusted for family size (an unofficial measure since we have no official one). That’s one in four children under the age of 18, with a higher rate for those under 11.Compared with those in average and higher income homes, these children are three times as likely to get sick, and 5.6 times as likely to be hospitalised for injuries from assault, neglect or maltreatment. They are less likely to leave school with the minimum qualification for skilled employment, and are therefore more likely to remain poor and perpetuate the poverty cycle.But we are not alone. Nor are we the worst among the rich countries for neglecting the most vulnerable members of society. Unicef’s Innocenti Report Card 2012: Measuring child poverty, gives New Zealand a mid-ranking child poverty rate along with Australia and the UK (all between 11 and 12 percent) and leaves the US at the bottom (23 percent), better only than Romania. These rates reflect 2009-2010 data, a 50 percent income poverty line, and a child deprivation index which includes items such as outdoor leisure equipment and an internet connection.Keeping poverty at bay comes at a cost, of course. The rates for the UK, New Zealand and Australia, middling as they are, reflect some of the highest social spending in the world: about 3.6 percent of GDP for the UK, and 3.1 percent for New Zealand and 2.8 for Australia – compared with around 1.3 percent for the US.There is much that is debatable about poverty measures, starting with the fact that in rich countries, at least, the poverty line is relative and a moving target. But, lines and statistics aside, if increasing numbers of children are turning up at school hungry and ill-clothed, and at hospital emergency departments with infectious diseases or signs of abuse, there is clearly a problem to address.The question is: What sort of problem? Inequality – the increasing gap between the rich and the poor? Global capitalism? Miserly right-wing governments? Irresponsible parents producing children they can’t support (a favourite gripe of newspaper correspondents)? Welfare dependency and loss of the work ethic?What about the most fundamental thing that the majority of those children lack – a stable, married mum and dad? In 2012 48 percent of births in New Zealand were to unmarried mothers, and it is no secret that the majority of the poorest children are being raised by single parents. This is one of the top risk factors for child poverty in all countries, although it seldom receives more than a mention in advocacy literature or political debates. Social science, however, increasingly confirms that the decline of marriage is a key, if not the key, to child poverty and inequality.http://www.mercatornet.com/articles/view/why_do_rich_countries_have_so_many_poor_childrenlast_img read more

Greensburg Boys Golf Sectionals Results

first_imgThe Boys Golf Sectionals were held on Friday (6-6) at the Greensburg Country Club.  Top 3 teams who post a team score qualify for The Regionals.  Also, The Top 3 low individuals, excluding those individuals who advance with a team will advance to Regionals.Greensburg Boys Golf SectionalsColumbus North won the team championship.  Columbus East placed 2nd and Greensburg finishes 3rd to move on to The Regionals.The top three low scoring individuals from the non-qualifying teams also advancing to The Regionals are Lucas Williams-Jac-Cen-Del, Chad Spencer-East Central, and Dominique Schildkneck-Batesville.The Boys Golf Regionals will be taking place on Thursday (6-12) at The Champions Pointe in Providence starting at 8 AM.Courtesy of The IHSAA.last_img

Women’s LAX wraps up season with ASU victory

first_imgThe Trojans return to Los Angeles after dominating the Arizona State Sun Devils in a 19-2 victory on Saturday. The victory continues a streak of dominance that includes a 17-7 win last week against San Diego State and concludes the regular season for the Women of Troy. The Trojans are set to rematch ASU on Thursday in the first round of the Pac-12 Tournament.Senior defender Lydia Sutton has recorded 40 ground balls in her final season, moving her career total to 133. Ling Luo | Daily TrojanThe win improved USC’s record to 2-0 against Arizona State and marked the team’s first-ever game played in Arizona. The Women of Troy were an unstoppable force on the field, entering the Pac-12 Tournament as the third seed. The Women of Troy dominated ASU throughout the game. The Trojans started off strong against the Sun Devils, scoring 3 goals unanswered before Arizona State’s junior attacker Kerri Clayton could score to bring the score to 3-1.The first half ended heavily in favor of USC, with a score of 12-1. In fact, in the 35 minutes following Arizona State’s first score, the Trojans put 15 points on the board while the Sun Devils were held scoreless through most of the second half. By the time Clayton scored her second goal of the day, the 18-2 deficit was too much for the Sun Devils to overcome. The Trojans added one more score as the second half wound down to make the final score 19-2 in favor of USC. As a whole, the Trojans collected a season-high 18 draw controls led by junior defender Jackie Gilbert, who set a single-game season high with 12 draw wins.  Gilbert’s performance on Saturday set a new career-high for her, as she moves into third in USC history with 87 draw controls. Gilbert also scored her first goal since scoring 2 in one game during her freshman season. Sophomore midfielder Kerrigan Miller continued to be a strong asset for the Trojans by posting her fifth hat trick of the season and the 11th of her career. Miller finished with 3 goals, two assists, three ground balls and two caused turnovers against the Sun Devils. She is currently tied with Gabby McMahon (2014-2017) for sixth place in career points accounted for as a Trojan with 97.    Freshman midfielder Kelsey Huff continued a promising career as a Trojan by scoring 3 goals for her fifth career hat trick and adding two assists. Huff’s stellar performance was imperative to the Trojans’ success over the weekend and she will be a valuable member of the team entering the Pac-12 Tournament. In her last regular season game as a Trojan, senior defender Lydia Sutton led all players with five ground balls to go along with one caused turnover. The All-American defender has been a valuable part of the team’s success all season and Saturday’s win over Arizona State was no different. Sophomore midfielder Kaeli Huff was also able to contribute 2 goals to Saturday’s total. With those goals, Huff moved into ninth on the all-time career points scored list.Sophomore attacker Izzy McMahon, who ranks third on the team in points scored, continued a stellar season with 2 goals scored against the Sun Devils on Saturday. Sophomore attacker Hope Anhut closed out her first season as a Trojan with 2 goals against the Sun Devils. Graduate attacker Maeve McMahon played well in her last regular season game as a Trojan adding a goal against Arizona State to her statline to go along with a stellar season where she led the team in assists.Coming off of a two-game winning streak where the Trojans have won by a combined 36-9, the Women of Troy are entering the Pac-12 Tournament the third-ranked team in the conference. The Trojans, who are 2-0 all-time against Arizona State, will be traveling to Boulder, Colo. this Thursday to play the Sun Devils  again, this time at a neutral site.last_img read more

Brazil 2014:Germany name only one striker in World Cup squad

first_imgGermany will travel to this month’s World Cup in Brazil with only one out-and-out striker after coach Joachim Loew cut Kevin Volland from his final 23-man squad on Monday.Hoffenheim forward Volland joined defender Shkodran Mustafiand left back Marcel Schmelzer, still nursing a knee injury, as the three players left out of the final squad after being included in a provisional selection for a training camp in Italy.”Obviously Shkodran, Marcel and Kevin are very disappointed and I an understand that because they had every right to hope they would be in Brazil,” Loew told reporters.”All three are players who still have the chance to take part in several big tournaments in their careers.”Volland’s exclusion came as a surprise given the stocky striker’s physical strength and all-round play were seen as a good alternative to veteran forward Miroslav Klose, who will be 36 next week.Attacking midfielder Mario Goetze played as a striker in the 2-2 warmup draw against Cameroon on Sunday and that position can also be filled by Thomas Mueller, on target in that game.Loew included Borussia Dortmund’s Erik Durm, who can play as left back, in the final squad after he won praise following his first cap on Sunday while also sticking with youngsters Julian Draxlerand Matthias Ginter as well as midfielder Chrstioph Kramer, who won his first two caps in the past weeks.The coach, in charge of Germany for the fourth tournament, also kept faith in first-choice keeper Manuel Neuerand captain Philipp Lahm, both of whom are racing to get fit following injuries. Playmaker Bastian Schweinsteiger, also working on his fitness following several injuries this season, made the squad in a talented midfield that also includes Marco Reus, Mesut Ozil, Lukas Podolski and Toni Kroos.”I am 100 percent convinced of all the players’ abilities. We have the right mix of many young and hugely talented players and players with a lot of tournament experience who know what it is all about,” Loew said.Little-known Mustafi of Sampdoria, a surprise call-up in the provisional squad, made way for a more experienced backline, with Jerome Boateng, Mats Hummels, Benedikt Hoewedes, Per Mertesacker and Kevin Grosskreutz.Borussia Dortmund’s Schmelzer paid the price for missing too much training in their Italian training camp due to his injury.Germany, who won the World Cup as West Germany on three occasions, hope to clinch their first silverware since Euro 96. “It is a balanced squad and with two players available for every position,” Loew said.”Our players have character and the team has character. We will travel with this squad to Brazil with a lot of confidence because we have set big targets.”Germany take on Ghana, United States and Portugal in World Cup Group G.Goalkeepers: Manuel Neuer (Bayern Munich), Roman Weidenfeller (Borussia Dortmund), Ron-Robert Zieler(Hanover 96)Defenders: Jerome Boateng (Bayern Munich), Kevin Grosskreutz (Borussia Dortmund), Erik Durm (Borussia Dortmund), Benedikt Hoewedes (Schalke 04), Mats Hummels (Borussia Dortmund), Per Mertesacker (Arsenal), Philipp Lahm (Bayern Munich) Midfielders: Julian Draxler (Schalke 04), Matthias Ginter (Freiburg), Mario Goetze (Bayern Munich), Christoph Kramer (Borussia Moenchengladbach), Sami Khedira (Real Madrid), Toni Kroos (Bayern Munich), Thomas Mueller (Bayern Munich), Mesut Ozil (Arsenal), Lukas Podolski (Arsenal), Marco Reus (Borussia Dortmund), Andre Schuerrle (Chelsea), Bastian Schweinsteiger (Bayern Munich)Forwards: Miroslav Klose (Lazio)last_img read more

Iowa airports get $70 million in CARES Act funding, Mason City gets $17.5 million

first_imgMASON CITY — The Federal Aviation Administration is sending more than $70 million to 79 airports in Iowa, including those in Mason City, Charles City, Forest City, Hampton, Clarion and Algona as part of the federal coronavirus relief.  Stuart Anderson with the Iowa Department of Transportation says the money is designed to help airports deal with the drop in flights brought on by the virus outbreak. “For example, commercial airports generate revenues from parking lot fees, receipts at their retail facilities at the terminal. They’ve lost a lot of revenue with this downturn,” Anderson explains.   Iowa has eight commercial airports, and he says the money will help with some of those losses. “And also cover some of their increased costs as they’re providing personal protective equipment and making other expenditures — it’s pretty flexible spending,” Anderson says. He says the busiest airports will get the most money. “Other than Cedar Rapids and Des Moines, amounts are relatively small,” Anderson says. “But Cedar Rapids and Des Moines being the two largest commercial airports — seeing the greatest majority of all the passenger enplanements, they get the largest amounts.” Des Moines will receive a little more than $23 million and Cedar Rapids is getting $22.8 million.  The Mason City Municipal Airport will receive a total of $17,489,416. The other north-central Iowa-based airports — the Northeast Iowa Regional Airport in Charles City, the Forest City Municipal Airport, the Hampton Municipal Airport, the Clarion Municipal Airport, and the Algona Municipal Airport — will each receive $30,000 grants. Anderson says the money will come directly from the F-A-A.last_img read more

STABLE NOTES BY ED GOLDEN – THURSDAY MAY 7, 2015

first_imgDoug O’Neill2468225%$271,210 Mario Gutierrez1322315%$108,920 John Shirreffs2200100%$67,200 CALIFORNIA ‘BIG THREE’ DOING GREAT FOR PREAKNESSOnly one horse on the planet can win the Triple Crown this year, and that horse is American Pharoah.That said, the first three finishers in the Kentucky Derby, Pharoah, Firing Line and Dortmund, all based at Santa Anita, are scheduled to meet in the second jewel of the Triple Crown, the Preakness Stakes, at Pimlico on May 16.“You go in there with two really good horses and you’re hoping they run their races, and they did,” said Bob Baffert, trainer of Pharoah and Dortmund, recounting the experience last Saturday before a record Churchill Downs crowd of more than 170,000.“Dortmund really looked good in the paddock, but Pharoah got a little worked up on the walk. I was a little concerned because he spent a lot of energy going through all those people getting to the saddling area, and they were running alongside, and he doesn’t like that.“It really stirred him up pretty good, and he dragged his galloper and his groom all the way to the paddock. He was getting a little hot but then he cooled down and settled down, and after that he was real professional, like he usually is.“Everybody wanted to get a picture of him on the walk over. Dortmund handled the saddling really well. Down the backside Dortmund was in a nice stride and I thought he was going to go all the way with it, and then he got a little tired at the end.“Victor (Espinoza) swung way wide on Pharoah who seemed to be struggling a bit and I was worried a little about that, because Firing Line was running the race of his life, and that’s what you need to win the Derby, especially this year.“It was the toughest Derby I’ve ever been in. This crop is really strong.”American Pharoah and Dortmund both went to the track today and Jimmy (assistant Jim Barnes) said they really looked excellent,” Baffert said. “We’re pretty excited about the Preakness.”Simon Callaghan was happy with Firing Line’s second by a length to American Pharoah.“He came out of the race really well,” Callaghan said of the Sunland Derby winner. “He’s showing us all the right signs since the race and he’ll ship to Pimlico on Wednesday. He ran great. He did everything you could ask, he just got run down late, but he came out of the race as good as you could hope.” Alex Solis823125%$108,780 Elvis Trujillo1930216%$134,140 Dan Hendricks721029%$37,090 Santiago Gonzalez1834117%$107,460 Gonzalo Nicolas2432413%$99,940 Tiago Pereira1625313%$129,370 Michael Machowsky922122%$68,850 Fernando Perez3146613%$188,230 (Current Through Sunday, May 3) Victor Espinoza520040%$70,350 TrainerSts1st2nd3rdWin%Money Won Drayden Van Dyke2334113%$150,840 Bob Baffert621133%$89,690 SANTA ANITA STATISTICS BAZE KEEN ON WARREN’S VENEDA FOR GRADE I VANITYTyler Baze felt he had a good thing going with Warren’s Veneda when he rode her to her first win over two years ago.It came in a stakes race.Baze piloted the California-bred daughter of Affirmative to a 1 ¾-length victory in her second career start, the Alphabet Kisses Stakes for state-breds at Hollywood on April 27, 2013.Since then, the 32-year-old Seattle native has ridden her seven times, winning four, the last three in a row, including the Grade I Santa Margarita Stakes on March 14 for Craig Lewis, who trains the stretch-running chestnut mare for owner/breeder Benjamin Warren.Next up: Saturday’s Grade I, $300,000 Vanity Stakes for fillies and mares, three and up, at 1 1/8 miles, a race in which two-time Eclipse champ Beholder was entered, but will not run.“She had a temperature this morning and had a high white blood count,” trainer Richard Mandella said Thursday. “She’s on antibiotics and out of the race.”It might have been four straight wins for Warren’s Veneda but Baze was beaten a head by Tiz Midnight in the Grade II Bayakoa Stakes at Los Alamitos last Dec. 6.“She was a little unlucky at Los Alamitos, but she’s done everything so easy this year,just playing around and having fun, just happy really,” Baze said. “Craig’s been keeping her happy. She’s loving what she’s doing.“In all three of the wins, I got down to ride her a little bit, but she’s had her ears pricked forward having fun. She’s doing great now and I expect her to run huge.”The field for the Vanity, race five of nine: Warren‘s Veneda, Tyler Baze; Gas Total, Flavien Prat; My Sweet Addiction, Mike Smith; and Legacy, Martin Garcia.center_img Philip D’Amato1351238%$200,440 ‘VENEDA’ SEEKS FOURTH STRAIGHT; BEHOLDER OUTPREAKNESS STAKES NEXT FOR AMERICAN PHAROAHRACING MOURNS THE PASSING OF ‘BUD’ JOHNSTONSTREAKING TALCO EYES HIS THIRD WIN IN A ROW Mike Puype1321115%$103,240 Joseph Talamo2641615%$150,168 TALCO EYES GRADED STATUS IN AMERICAN STAKESTalco steps up in pursuit of his third straight victory when he runs in Saturday’s Grade III American Stakes for 3-year-olds and up at one mile on turf.The 4-year-old French-bred colt won an overnight race at one mile on grass March 12, and the restricted Thunder Road on April 4, also at a mile on turf.“He’s doing really well,” said John Sadler, who trains the son of Pivotal for Hronis Racing LLC. “He had a very good, game win in the Thunder Road. We were delighted with it.“This is a little tougher field, facing the sensational horse from South America (Bal a Bali). I know he’s pretty good, so this is kind of the next step up.”As for Santa Anita Oaks winner Stellar Wind, fourth in the Kentucky Oaks on May 1, she came out of the race in good order and could run at Santa Anita late next month.“She came back well, but we have no plans yet,” Sadler said. “She’s possible for the Summertime Oaks (June 20, Grade II, $200,000, 1 1/16 miles).”The field: Enterprising, Gary Stevens, 12-1; War Academy, Corey Nakatani, 15-1; Winning Prize, Rafael Bejarano, 5-2; Gabriel Charles, Tyler Baze, 8-1; Talco, Victor Espinoza, 5-2; Little Jerry, Martin Pedroza, 20-1; Home Run Kitten, Joe Talamo, 5-1; and Bal a Bali, Flavien Prat, 9-5.FINISH LINES: WELCOME BACK–Veteran jockey Scott Stevens, 54, who just wrapped up his seventh riding title with 104 wins at Turf Paradise, rode first-time starter Mint Julep Taffy to a third-place finish for trainer Molly Pearson in today’s third race, marking his first engagement at The Great Race Place “in at least 10 years.” . . . Jockey David Flores has been granted permission to resume riding by the California Horse Racing Board effective immediately. The 46-year-old native of Tijuana had been disqualified from participating in riding for one year by authorities in Singapore in late March. Felipe Valdez2554120%$153,720 Edwin Maldonado2244318%$122,830 Rafael Bejarano1933516%$154,900 Richard Mandella1224117%$195,120 Peter Miller1023120%$104,830 William Spawr420050%$24,350 RACING MOURNS PASSING OF OWNER/BREEDER BUD JOHNSTONThe racing world and California in particular mourned the passing of Elwood (Bud) Johnston, who died in his sleep Tuesday. Johnston, who bred and raced 2011 Eclipse Award champion older male Acclamation, would have been 78 yesterday.“I’m just numb,” said an emotional Kenny Black, assistant to Don Warren, who trained for Johnston many years. “He was so good to me. He was an excellent horseman and treated me like a son. He loved horse racing and he loved to run.“The only thing he didn’t like was not running. ‘Dag-nab it,’ he would say if he was angry or upset because a horse couldn’t race. I never heard him use a curse word.“He was at our house in Rancho Cucamonga all day Sunday for my daughter Kaylee’s seventh birthday party, playing with all the kids and having a great time. He and his wife were the last people to leave.“In all my years in the business, I never met a better a horseman. I learned something from him every day.”In addition to Warren, the Johnston family had tremendous success over the years with trainer Bruce Headley. “He was my best friend, my buddy, my partner,” Headley told the Paulick Report on Tuesday. “He was very honest, very knowledgeable, and always enthusiastic. He truly loved horses. He was nice to people and always a gentleman, always smiling.”California’s leading breeder 13 times, Old English Rancho has bred more than 200 stakes winners and has been home to prominent stallions such as Fleet Nasrullah, The Pie King, Lucky Mel, Windy Sands, Kennedy Road and Unusual Heat.Johnston was the son of Elwood B. “The Pie Man” Johnston, who began breeding and owning horses in California in the 1940s with the establishment of Old English Rancho in Chino. Bud Johnston and his wife, Judy, took over management of the farm which had been moved to Ontario, in 1957. “O.E.R.” was again relocated in 1997 to Sanger, near Fresno, where its current stallion roster is comprised of Acclamation (by Unusual Heat), Cyclotron, Surf Cat, Vronsky and Big Bad Leroy Brown.Acclamation won 11 of 30 starts including the $1 million Pacific Classic in 2011, in a career spanning from 2008 to 2012. He earned $1,958,048, and was thus Johnston’s all-time leading money earner.Preceded in death by his father and mother, Betty, Johnston is survived by his wife of 58 years, Judy, daughters Darlene Johnston Smith, Mary Johnston Hilvers, five grandchildren and 15 great-grandchildren.Services for Johnston are pending. Tyler Baze3984821%$352,500 JockeyMts1st2nd3rdWin%Money Won Mark Glatt1422314%$75,220 Richard Baltas1342131%$259,200 Flavien Prat3368118%$359,110last_img read more