Did Indians See Jurassic Beasts?

first_imgDid Indians have familiarity with Jurassic monsters, or were they good paleontologists, skilled at reconstructions?  In the “Random Samples” page of news tidbits in the journal Science March 30,1 the story is told and the interpretation given:Some fossils are rare, but this one recently unearthed in eastern Oregon may be positively mythic.  In life, the 2-meter-long Jurassic seagoing crocodile (above), discovered by members of the North American Research Group, sported scales, needlelike teeth, and a fishtail.  Some paleontologists, including Stanford University researcher Adrienne Mayor, think similar fossils may have inspired Native American representations of water monsters.  Mayor notes the croc’s “remarkable” resemblance, for example, to a 19th century Kiowa artist’s drawing (inset) of a legendary water serpent.No evidence was supplied whether Native Americans were even familiar with fossils, let alone whether they ever made reconstructions based on them.1Random Samples, “Oregon Sea Monster,” Science, Volume 315, Number 5820, Issue of 30 March 2007.Unless such fossils were articulated and completely exposed, it’s hard to imagine early hunter-gatherers reconstructing entire animals from fossils as well as this story claims.  Why is the more straightforward explanation, that some of them actually saw this beast and imitated it, not even considered?  The obvious reason is that there is no way in the evolutionary timetable humans and Jurassic crocs could have co-existed.    Not enough information is supplied in this short article to explain if the Kiowa drawing was an imitation of earlier legendary monsters that his ancestors might have seen.  It’s also not clear whether a 19th century Indian might have seen scientific reconstructions of prehistoric monsters that influenced his work.  Not too much should be inferred, therefore, from this brief article.  The biased interpretation of the scientist is the interesting thing to note: he immediately jumps to a conclusion based on his assumption that the two were millions of years apart.(Visited 6 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Tourism remains strong in SA

first_imgThe “big hole” in Kimberly is a majortourist attraction which has contributed tothe Northern Cape’s economicdevelopment. Even residents in small towns can usetheir rich history, such as this ox wagon toattract tourists. Stellenbosch has capitalised on it’s wineriesto bring tourists to the area.(Images: Mediaclubsouthafrica.com. Formore free photos, visit the image library.)Khanyi MagubaneMinister of environmental affairs and tourism Martinus van Schalkwyk has revealed that despite an economic slowdown in the country, tourism figures remained firm in 2008.Statistics from the first 10 months of 2008 indicate an increase in arrivals of 5.4% from January to October.In 2007, this figure stood at 8.3% and saw over nine-million foreign arrivals to South Africa.Speaking at the opening of the local government tourism indaba on 26 January in Cape Town, Van Schalkwyk noted that the economic crunch has however seen a month-on month decline in arrivals to South Africa from other regions, compared to 2007.Arrivals, for instance, from Europe decreased by 6.5% and visits from Central and South America dropped by 4.6%.But there have been some positive growths too. Arrivals from North America remained stable and more people have also been flocking to South Africa from Australasia, where arrivals are up by 6.3%. Visitors from the Middle East have also been visiting our shores more often, with a 5.9% increase in visits.The two-day indaba saw delegates from across the tourism sector converging under the theme, “Unlocking Tourism Potential at a Local Sphere of Government”.Van Schalkwyk told delegates attending the indaba he was confident that South Africa’s tourism industry would continue to grow, “Our industry is by no means immune to the effects of the international economic crisis, but we are still confident that we will reach our target of 10-million visitors in 2010.”“Our country continues to be a value-for-money destination and with international events like the Confederations Cup and World Cup lined up, there will be opportunities in abundance and tourism will retain the important role it plays in our economic growth.”The driving force of the conference was the need to help local municipalities to grow their own tourism industries.To this end, Van Schalkwyk encouraged local government officials to step forward,“The importance of the role of local government in the successful growth of the tourism industry cannot be overemphasised and the examples of its pivotal role are many.”Tourism toolkit to help local governmentDuring the conference, a toolkit to help local municipalities develop a tourism strategy was launched.The tourism toolkit will help to clarify how to complete a basic tourism plan within a South African local municipality.It will help to make an important contribution towards ensuring that all municipalities are growing the tourism industry.The components of the toolkit will consist of practical documents, which ensure that municipalities are able to involve themselves in the appropriate investment in infrastructure and services that will boost tourism.It will also assist with the development of community tourism plans and provide case studies as examples of good practice.The minister noted that there were a number of challenges, which were currently hampering the coordinated and integrated approach.Some of these challenges include local authority staff not having the right vision for the municipality in terms of identifying destinations that tourists could visit in the area and planning accordingly.In other cases, local government does not use national and provincial information made available for them in their tourism planning.Van Schalkwyk told delegates that his department was however optimistic that the challenges could be overcome, “Our department remains committed to working with local government to ensure that the benefits of tourism are shared as widely as possible.”He further noted that the relationship between national and local government had already shown some positive results, “Since 1999, we have been financially involved in 335 tourism projects in the nine provinces.“To date, more than R1-billion (US$100-million) has been spent on these projects and these initiatives have contributed to the creation of 1 480 permanent jobs and more than 4-million temporary work days.”The minister reiterated that it was important for those involved in the tourism sector to continually promote their country to tourists.“It is more important than ever that Brand South Africa is promoted seamlessly and distinctively. We recognise that a visitor’s holiday experience is always further enhanced by good service, which is why we are very proud of the Service Excellence programme we will be implementing this year in partnership with the Tourism Business Council.”MEC for finance, economic development and tourism in the Western Cape Garth Strachan, also addressed delegates.He shared the secret of success of the Western Cape, which is currently South Africa’s most developed tourism region and the sector.According to Strachan, the Annual Development indicators report of 2008 states the strong growth over the last decade has had a phenomenal impact on the tourism industry.He said the only outstanding issue, which needed to be dealt with, was the lack of adequate transformation, as all the benefits from the tourism industry needed to be shared equally amongst all South Africans.Do you have any comments or queries about this article? Email Khanyi Magubane at: Khanyim@mediaclubsouthafrica.com Related articlesSaving the world with ecotourism The tour de Kruger: a wild ride   SA hot destination for US tourists SA shines world travel awards A tour guide in your pocket  Useful LinksDepartment of Environmental Affairs and TourismSouth African TourismJohannesburg TourismTourism Grading Council of South Africalast_img read more

‘Jobs, investment, sustainable debt’

first_img11 February 2009Protecting the poor and sustaining job creation were two of five guiding principles that formed the basis of Finance Minister Trevor Manuel’s latest Budget speech.Delivering his Budget speech to Parliament in Cape Town on Wednesday, Manuel said that, in a time of global economic turmoil, the government had been guided by five enduring principles in drawing up South Africa’s national Budget for 2009/10.These were: protecting the poor; sustaining jobs growth and expanding training opportunities; building economic capacity and promoting investment; addressing the “barriers to competitiveness that limit equitable sharing of opportunities”; and maintaining a sustainable debt level “so that our actions do not constrain our development tomorrow”.‘GDP growth of 1.2% in 2009’According to the National Treasury, South Africa’s incomes and outputs slowed sharply in the second half of 2008, with gross domestic product (GDP) growth averaging about 3.1 percent in 2008.With the slowdown in international demand for South Africa’s exports, including the commodities that form the bedrock of the country’s economy, as well as reduced consumer spending and high interest rates, GDP growth is expected to average 1.2 percent for 2009, recovering to 4 percent by 2011.“We expect output growth to improve in 2010, supported by public infrastructure spending, lower interest rates, the 2010 Fifa World Cup and a recovery in the world economy,” Manuel said.Trading conditions ‘tough’However, he warned that trading conditions were tough and “likely to deteriorate further in the short term.”2008 was a year of economic shocks for South African producers, with increasing electricity tariffs, rising input costs, high interest rates and slowing demand for goods among consumers.The mining sector was one of the worst affected by the slowdown in demand in 2008, as evidenced by Monday’s announcement by one of South Africa’s biggest mining houses, Anglo Platinum, that it planned to cut 10 000 jobs in 2009.Manuel said the manufacturing, retail trade and residential construction sectors had also been badly hit by the global slowdown, and had already begun laying off workers, with the pace of job losses set to increase.Inflationary pressures easeInflation in South Africa has over the past two years been fuelled by rapid increases in food and oil prices, domestic capacity constraints and a weaker local currency, as well as rising electricity tariffs.The consumer inflation averaged 11.3 percent in 2008, spurred by an inflationary cycle which began in June 2006.Despite this, the National Treasury expects inflation to return to within the South African Reserve Bank’s inflation target band of 3-6 percent by the first half of 2009.In response to an improving inflation outlook and an easing of inflationary pressures such as oil prices, the central bank cut South Africa’s interest rates by a cumulative 1.5 percent between December 2008 and February 2009.Source: BuaNewslast_img read more

Video recaps of all NBA games coming to Facebook Watch

first_imgLATEST STORIES Urgent reply from Philippine ‍football chief Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town Manchester United defeats Chelsea, advances to FA Cup quarterfinals ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte “Basketball fans around the world can interact in real-time and share in their passion for the game.”The online community debate around NBA contests is an offering that excites Devi Mahadevia, Facebook North America Sports Programming Lead.“The NBA boasts one of the most vibrant sports communities on our platform,” Mahadevia said. “By delivering these game recaps and hosting a weekly Watch Party, the league will be able to engage with fans around the world in new and exciting ADVERTISEMENT PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusationscenter_img Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. MOST READ View comments PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war In addition to NBA video recaps, Facebook Watch will feature game recaps for all Women’s NBA, developmental G League and NBA 2K League contests, including the NBA Summer League plus pre-season and playoff matchups.The NBA also will host a weekly Watch Party on Facebook, allowing fans worldwide to watch and interact with game recaps and videos in real-time.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesWNBA, G League and NBA 2K League Watch Parties will be held monthly.“We are excited to provide our millions of followers on Facebook with recaps to every game,” said Sam Farber, NBA Vice President, Digital Media. Team Giannis’ Giannis Antetokounmpo, of the Milwaukee Bucks dunks the ball against Team LeBron during the second half of an NBA All-Star basketball game, Sunday, Feb. 17, 2019, in Charlotte, N.C. The Team LeBron won 178-164. (AP Photo/Streeter Lecka, Pool)The NBA, with one of the world’s largest Facebook communities, will make video recaps of every league game available on Facebook Watch, according to NBA Digital.The league, which resumes regular-season play Thursday following a break for Sunday’s NBA All-Star Game, has 400 million followers across all league, team and player Facebook accounts.ADVERTISEMENTlast_img read more

In The Spotlight – Nick Good

first_imgIn the ninth edition of In The Spotlight, Australian Men’s Open player, Nick Good, speaks about how it feels to be representing Australia at the 2011 World Cup, and the biggest influence on his Touch Football career. Name: Nicholas GoodNickname: GoodyAge: 19Affiliate: Penrith PanthersOccupation: Studying primary teaching, currently working as a special education aide.Position: MiddleDebut for Australia: 2009 Youth Trans Tasman and 2010 for Men’s Open.Career highlights so far: Penrith Vawdon Cup 2009, 2010 Men’s Trans Tasman, captaining both Youth Australian teams in 2009 and 2011, captaining my Penrith Men’s team in 2010. How you got involved in Touch Football: Through my parents.Favourite player: Jason Zabielo.What does it mean to you to be representing Australia at the 2011 World Cup: A great deal, words honestly cannot justify the privilege of wearing the Australian jersey.Biggest influence on your Touch Football career: Dave Collins– He has a tremendous Touch brain and gave me a chance at an early age. His belief in his players is unreal.Favourite sporting moment: Steven Bradbury’s gold medal at Salt Lake City Winter Olympics in 2002.What do you know about Scotland: Cold and cold! Any superstitions: Nil.Funniest Australian teammate: Anthony Ziade and Steve Roberts.Favourite quote: Winners make a habit of doing those things which losers don’t like to do – Vince Lombardi.Any travel plans for after World Cup: A 10 day adventure with Ben Moylan and Scott Buckley. Visiting London, Barcelona and Amsterdam.Stay tuned to the website for the upcoming editions of In The Spotlight, which will feature every Open’s player travelling to the World Cup. With only 45 days to go until the 2011 Federation of International Touch World Cup, be sure to be regularly visiting the Touch Football Australia website to keep up-to-date with all of the latest news and information. Don’t forget to become a fan of Touch Football Australia on Facebook and Twitter in the lead up to the 2011 World Cup to find out all you need to know about Australia’s World Cup campaign:http://www.facebook.com/#!/pages/Touch-Football-Australia/384949403384 www.twitter.com/touchfootyauslast_img read more

9 months agoEx-Man City captain Yaya Toure open to Premier League return

first_imgEx-Man City captain Yaya Toure open to Premier League returnby Paul Vegas9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveFormer Manchester City captain Yaya Toure is open to a Premier League return.The midfielder has refused to rule out a return to the Premier League after an unsuccessful short spell at Olympiakos.“You never know, maybe the Premier League?” Toure said.“I enjoyed it, I enjoyed it to be honest.“If I can possibly play one more year or two years, we will see.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img

22 days agoArsenal boss Emery: Martinelli’s long-term position?

first_imgArsenal boss Emery: Martinelli’s long-term position?by Paul Vegas22 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveGabriel Martinelli is set for more action with Arsenal tonight.Martinelli finds himself in line to feature for Arsenal tonight, when they host Standard Liege in the Europa League.Gunners head coach Unai Emery said: “He is with us because he deserves to be with us. Pre-season was his chance to show and to work with us and we are very, very happy with him. He is a very fast player and that is a quality that is very important. “He gives us good pressing ­without the ball, good pace in the final third, chances to score and he’s getting better. He is young but if his ­performances are getting better every day, it is good for him to carry on being with us.”On Martinelli’s long-term position, he added: “We used him in training and against Nottingham Forest as a striker.“It is not the best position for him but he played well and he played there sometimes in Brazil but he can play right or left.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

3 days ago​Alcohol banned in Amsterdam before Chelsea clash

first_img​Alcohol banned in Amsterdam before Chelsea clashby Freddie Taylor3 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveAmsterdam’s Red Light District will see an alcohol ban in effect before Chelsea face off against Ajax in the UEFA Champions League.The Dutch authorities in Amsterdam do not want to have any fan incidents on their hands.It is why they are ensuring that everyone is well behaved in the lead up to the 6:55pm kick off for the game.There will be no alcohol sales between 12pm and 6pm on that day, with any establishment that flaunts the law facing fines of up to 1,200 euros.The report of the alcohol ban comes from the AS newspaper in Spain.”Traditionally, foreign football fans go to the Red Light District before a game. This is accompanied by a lot of drinking. Previously, residents and businesses in the area have suffered huge inconvenience and the police have had to intervene,” said a statement in AS. About the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Canada isnt just Americas hat Ryan Gosling tells costar Emma Stone

first_imgRyan Gosling doesn’t often get personal but says growing up in Canada gives him a unique perspective on life in Hollywood.“I think it was very helpful to grow up in Canada, or in a small town,” Gosling told CBC News in Los Angeles. “I think if you grow up here, it might be hard to remember that there’s a world outside of it.”The 36-year-old actor, who recently received a Golden Globe nomination for his role as a struggling jazz musician in the film La La Land, said unlike his character, his roots offered a safety net for what can be a tumultuous career. Advertisement Twitter “I always felt like I had something to go back to so the stakes weren’t ever that high.”Before the interview, Emma Stone, who was seated next to Gosling as they promoted La La Land, got playful about her co-star’s home country. Advertisement LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Login/Register With: Facebook Advertisementlast_img

Drew Brees Deserves Better Than The Saints Defense

Blake Bortles25.41411+3 WINS Matthew Stafford21.71927-8 Cam Newton23.02726+1 All newsletters Derek Carr25.82322+1 Carson Palmer20.72625+1 Ben Roethlisberger21.03028+2 Alex Smith18.82730-3 Philip Rivers24.42218+4 Eli Manning23.52523+2 Andrew Luck24.22821+7 Matt Ryan24.32925+4 The Saints offense does occasionally sputter, and for those games, the team’s chances of winning are solely reliant on the defense — in other words, virtually hopeless. In games when the Saints scored less than the league average, they went 2-14. Brady’s Patriots went 5-6 when they failed to best the league average.The Saints head into their season opener in Minnesota tonight determined to finally turn around their defense. Head coach Sean Payton said he’s “optimistic” about the unit. Players are even hoping a preseason stretch of eight consecutive quarters without allowing a touchdown will prove meaningful now that the games actually count. We’re launching a sports newsletter. 🏆  Join the squad. Subscribe It’s not Brees’s faultThe difference in win total for quarterbacks if their actual defense was replaced by a league-average defense in each game, 2014-16. Among the 47 games Brees started in the past three seasons, the Saints would have won 10 more games (technically, they would have won 12 games they actually lost and lost two they had actually won, for a net increase of 10). In both 2014 and 2016, Brees’s record would have been 11-5, and New Orleans would have made the playoffs. To be sure, this is just a back-of-the-napkin calculation, and several variables can distort this expected-win statistic — for instance, Brees and the Saints probably wouldn’t have scored as much if they hadn’t been constantly losing.But when you look at all the non-Brees starting quarterbacks who also started from 2014 to 2016, the connection between clearing the league-average point total and winning games is quite strong: The quarterbacks in our sample average 0.97 wins for every one time they clear that bar. Brees, on the other hand, registered 0.68 wins for his better-than-average offensive days. Matthew Stafford is the anti-Brees in this regard: The Detroit Lions’ QB has 27 wins since 2014 despite leading an offense that beat the league-average point total just 19 times. QUARTERBACKAVG. OPP. PTS/GAMEEXPECTEDACTUALDIFF. Joe Flacco20.32321+2 Drew Brees is in a league of his own statistically. He has led the NFL in passing yards three years in a row and seven times as a Saint (no other player in history has hit that mark more than five times). He has topped 5,000 yards five times — all other quarterbacks in history have combined for only four such seasons. Brees’s New Orleans offenses have finished in the top 10 in scoring in six straight years, and his nine consecutive seasons of 30 or more TD passes are nearly twice as many as the next closest QBs (Brett Favre 1994-98 and Peyton Manning 2009-14). Brees’s passing résumé would force the office printer to run out of paper.But there is one reasonably important statistic that Brees struggles in: winning football games. The Saints last had a winning season in 2013, finishing 7-9 for three straight years. And in the 16-game era, no quarterback has started every game and missed the playoffs more often than Brees, who has done this seven times. Even some Saints fans are asking whether Brees is merely a compiler of gaudy passing numbers who can’t deliver in the clutch.But Brees isn’t the reason the Saints have lost 27 games in three seasons — the defense is. Among all 32 teams from 2014 to 2016, the Saints ranked 28th, 32nd and 31st in points allowed per game, respectively. Over those three seasons, the Saints gave up 28.2 points on average in Brees’s starts — that’s practically a touchdown more than the league average during that time (22.7). No other current starting quarterback in this time period has nearly this high a hurdle to clear to get a win.1For this, we looked at the 18 quarterbacks who are currently starters and also started for any team in 2014, 2015 and 2016. The three quarterbacks with the most wins during that time — Tom Brady (35), Aaron Rodgers (32) and Russell Wilson (32) — have defenses that have allowed an average of 18.6, 22.1 and 17.1 points per game, respectively.2Only counting games in which they started.Let’s pretend for a second that New Orleans had an average defense — not even a good one — over the past three seasons. If the actual points surrendered by the Saints in each of the 47 games that Brees started in 2014-16 were replaced with the league average for the season, how many more games would Brees have won? Andy Dalton19.72526-1 Aaron Rodgers22.13532+3 For current starting quarterbacks who also started in the 2014 through 2016 seasons. Expected wins are based on whether the opposition team scored the NFL average points per game for a given season.Source: pro-football-reference.com Russell Wilson17.13032-2 Jay Cutler26.11112-1 Drew Brees28.23121+10 Tom Brady18.63335-2 The Saints need a defensive awakening to happen soon. Although Brees plays as though he’s ageless, he’ll turn 39 in January. He doesn’t even need his defense to be good for the team to be successful. The Saints have finished 20th or better in points allowed just five times in his 11 seasons in New Orleans, and Brees has led his team to the playoffs in each of these seasons — averaging 12 wins. Alas, those are his only winning seasons for Payton and his rotating cast of defensive coordinators.Check out our latest NFL predictions. read more