Determining the value of Georgia’s agricultural commodities is on University of Georgia agricultural economist Kent Wolfe’s list of job responsibilities. He does it every year, but it’s not a one-man job.Director of the UGA Center for Agribusiness and Development (CAED), Wolfe gets a lot of help from UGA Cooperative Extension county agents across the state.“We use a survey tool that we give to every county agent,” explained Wolfe. “We want farmers to populate the survey with what crops they grow, the acreage for those crops and the price the farmer is receiving at the time of sale.Unlike UGA, Wolfe says that the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Agricultural Statistics Service uses the market year price for the whole year to determine farm gate values.“We look at the crop price at the time of harvest, not the market year average price,” he said. “We have more than 1,100 variables that are used to collect information on 80 commodities. Our farm gate dataset is much more extensive than the data that is available from USDA, which covers about 34 commodities.”UGA’s farm gate value report figures can vary from those provided by the USDA because they are calculated using the harvest time price, and UGA allows county Extension agents to make acreage and yield adjustments based on their knowledge of the county.“We have actual boots-on-the-ground people who have the authority to make adjustments. (The Extension agents) know their counties,” Wolfe said. “Collecting this data is also a great task for new agents, as it allows them to interact with producers and establish relationships while they are collecting county-specific data. ”For example, the Extension agent may know his county’s farmers are getting a higher price for crops.“The Extension agents know what is going on in their county. It’s where they live,” Wolfe said. “They interact daily with their farmers and this allows them to get a good feel for what is happening in their counties. They visit farmers and see them in meetings every day.”Karen Stubbs, a research professional with CAED, is responsible for collecting and compiling the data that goes into the UGA-generated Georgia farm gate value report. She collects prices from UGA specialists and acreage and yield data from the USDA. Stubbs and the Extension agents use this data as a baseline.When the farm gate values for the state are complete, individual county agents can go into the system and generate specialized farm gate reports for their specific counties, Wolfe said.In Toombs County, Agriculture and Natural Resources Agent Jason Edenfield uses Georgia farm gate value information when he speaks to groups like local civic clubs, the chamber of commerce or the development authority. He has a presentation prepared that focuses on the economic benefit and importance of food and fiber based on Toombs County’s agriculture production.He also hands out copies of “Ag Snapshots,” a pocket-sized book created by CAED that summarizes Georgia’s farm gate values.The UGA farm gate information is merged with the university’s Early Detection and Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program, an online, database-driven system that collects information from crop advisors, county agents and Extension specialists to provide a clear picture of current pest and disease activity.With the information Extension agents provide for the annual farm gate survey, EDDMapS IPM is better able to target pest and disease information about specific crop issues based on the crops grown in specific counties, said Joe LaForest, associate director of the UGA Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health system, also known as the Bugwood network, and leader of the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and Forest Health programs.Since farm gate reports are based on the past, the completed farm gate data is generally released a year after the crop year. CAED has completed the 2017 farm gate values; data collection for the 2018 crop year will be completed by the end of summer.“This information is shared with the Georgia House of Representatives and the Senate Agriculture Committee, the Governor’s Office and our federal senators and legislators,” Wolfe said. “And, of course, agricultural groups across the state and the general public find it valuable, too.”The 2017 total farm gate value for Georgia agricultural commodities is $13.7 billion. In 2017, the top five Georgia commodities in order of value were broilers, cotton, eggs, peanuts and timber.To access the most current Georgia farm gate values, visit the CAED website at www.caes.uga.edu/content/caes-subsite/caed/publications/farm-gate.The EDDMapS system can be viewed at www.eddmaps.org.
Rising Role of Renewables and Gas Setting the Pace for Rapid Change in Global Energy Markets FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享New York Times:LONDON — From the rise of renewable power to the transformation of the United States into a heavyweight producer of oil and gas, the global energy market, normally slow to evolve, is going through major upheaval.That is the assessment of Fatih Birol, the executive director of the International Energy Agency, the organization based in Paris that is publishing its annual World Energy Outlook on Tuesday.The report does not make for easy bedtime reading: It is 763 pages long and stuffed with data-laden charts and tables.Still, the document tries to project current trends as far out as 2040, and sees an industry at the nexus of various powerful trends.The United States, for instance, has shifted from being an energy-dependent importer to a new role as one of the world’s biggest producers of oil and gas, the report says. But concerns about greenhouse-gas emissions have clouded the future of fossil fuels. That has encouraged the development of alternatives like solar and wind power, which increasingly compete with traditional energy sources.Here are some of the most important themes to be found in the report.‘Energy Renaissance’Energy production in the United States will continue to shake up the global oil and natural gas markets, and benefit the country’s economy.By the 2030s, largely because of production from shale-rock formations, the United States is expected to produce more than 30 million barrels of oil and gas a day, the report says. That is 50 percent more than any other country has ever produced in a single year.That is a sharp shift from the country’s position just a decade ago, when it was a major importer of oil.The shale industry has gone through a “trial by fire” in recent years, the report says, referring to a sharp falloff in the price of oil from more than $100 a barrel to as low as around $30 a barrel. It is now above $60 a barrel.That has transformed the shale sector, and it is “leaner and hungrier” than it was before the price crash, the report says. As a result, it is better able to quickly react to any sign of higher prices. That is crucial, as the OPEC oil cartel tries to manage its production levels to bolster prices.The Coming Gas Shake-UpChanges in how gas is transported and traded are having a major effect, on the energy industry and the environment.As the United States increases its gas production — it is now on track to surpass traditional giants like Qatar and Russia and become the world’s largest exporter of liquefied natural gas, or L.N.G. — it is also exporting what the report calls a disruptive “mind-set about how gas markets should operate.”Gas has historically been sold through long-term contracts pegged to oil prices. That has particularly been the case in Asia, the key market for L.N.G., which is expected to eventually dominate the international gas trade.But as the United States becomes a bigger force in gas markets, it is also helping to break down the existing system. Over time, the report forecasts that gas will be traded more widely and freely, potentially pushing down prices and making it more attractive to developing countries like India and China.Greater use of gas could bring major environmental benefits. When burned, it produces less of the carbon emissions associated with climate change than coal, and lower levels of other pollutants. Mr. Birol said, for instance, said that the decision by power plants in United States to switch from burning coal to gas was largely responsible for holding global emissions roughly steady in recent years (although they appear poised to rise this year).There is still work to be done, the report says. The gas industry needs to address emissions of methane that undermine that type of fuel’s environmental claims. “Natural gas is a viable exit ramp off of fossil fuels only if it cleans up its methane pollution, which now seriously undercuts its claimed climate advantages,” said Fred Krupp, president of the Environmental Defense Fund, an American environmental group.Gains for RenewablesOne factor that may hamper the growth of gas: rapidly falling costs of renewable sources of energy like wind and solar installations.The average cost of electricity generated over the life of a solar power plant declined by a stunning 70 percent from 2010 to 2016, according to the agency’s report. Wind costs declined by 25 percent in that period.The report forecasts that these technologies will only become less expensive over the next 25 years, squeezing fossil fuels, which are widely used to generate electric power.Already, power from new wind installations in India and China is cheaper than new gas-fired power plants. A similar situation is developing with solar power, the report says.Still, fossil fuels will not vanish anytime soon. It is much more difficult to reduce the use of coal, gas and oil in sectors like transportation and industry than it is in power generation, and the share of fossil fuels used to meet overall energy demand will be 75 percent in 2040, compared with 81 percent last year, according to the agency’s main scenario.And, the report adds, greenhouse gas levels still appear to be climbing above the threshold required to meet international goals like those established in the 2015 Paris climate accords.China’s Outsize RoleBecause of China’s scale as a consumer of energy, the choices that the country makes will be felt globally, the report says.China could overtake the United States as the world’s largest consumer of oil as soon as 2030. Of all the new solar and wind power installations to be added through 2040, a third could be in China. In that period, the country could also end up with 320 million electric vehicles, more than a third of the global total.“China’s choices,” the report says, “will play a huge role in determining global trends, and could spark a faster clean energy transition.”More: “America’s ‘Renaissance’ to Gains for Renewables: Global Energy Trends”
Tags: APRBernard MuwangaCECAFA Kagame Cup 2019Joseph Mandelaproline fcSaaka MpimaShafick Bissasotop Proline are the reigning Uganda Cup champions. (PHOTOS/Proline FC)KIGALI, RWANDA – Proline open their account in the CECAFA Kagame Cup against APR today (Saturday), 07-06-2019.Proline are the reigning FUFA Uganda Cup champions and received an invitation to take part in the tournament.Speaking ahead of their first ever Kagame Cup, Proline head coach Shafic Bisaso says the players’ spirits are high and they have trained well to see that they defeat APR.“All we want is to win and the players’ spirits are high so we are going to defeat APR regardless of having the home advantage.”He also added that the weather is not favourable but all that want is to win their opener.“The weather has not been favourable to us and we are getting used to it.”Proline’s new signing and experienced defender Bernard Muwanga believes they can overcome the tough opponent (APR) because he has played against some of their players.“Certain things are not that new especially to me who has played against most of the players and under some coaches, so it will not be hard for us.” Muwanga said.Muwanga continued and said that Proline is well prepared and even though, they are new entrants they shouldn’t be undermined.Proline will be without Saaka Mpima and Joseph Mandela who are nursing injuries but the rest are in good shape according to the head coach.Saturday’s other fixtures Heegan(Somalia) Vs Green Eagles (Zambia) 1500hrsAPR (Rwanda) Vs Proline (Uganda) 1700hrsComments