Job hopping is a way of life for many professionals, especially millennials who balk at the notion of staying with one company for their entire career. While moving from one job to the next to get ahead is acceptable, particularly for younger workers, it’s how you do the jumping that matters.“Everyone is allowed one or two instances of ‘bad fit,’ in which case you change jobs after a year or less, but in general, you should aim to stay with a company for at least two years,” says Aravinda Rao Souza, senior marketing manager at Bullhorn, a recruitment software company. “You want a chance to put down roots somewhere and really get to know a specific business.” Younger workers in their 20s will be given more leeway if they’ve made a lot of career changes. But once you hit your 30s experts say recruiters and hiring managers are going to be less forgiving to job hoppers.When it comes to job hopping, J.T. O’Donnell, founder and chief executive of CAREEREALISM, a career advice and job search magazine, says there are two types of people. There are the serial hoppers whose entire career is made up of one or two year stints. Then there are the job hoppers who went through a rough patch when leaving one company and trying to find their ideal job elsewhere. Often those people make a couple of jumps before they find the one job they stay at for a while.If you fall into the latter category it will be easy for you to explain what happened and for hiring managers and recruiters to look past the hops. But if you are a serial job hopper, you will have a tougher time convincing employers that you are someone they should invest in. O’Donnell says people should aim to stay at their job for four or five years before moving on. “For the first two years you are developing…and after five years you are looking for progression,” she says.According to a survey conducted by Bullhorn, 39% of recruiters said the single biggest obstacle for an unemployed candidate is having a history of “job hopping,” or voluntarily leaving a company before one year even if the person keeps moving up. “When I see that someone has hopped jobs and gotten increasingly better titles with each new job, it’s a gigantic red flag for me as a hiring manager,” says Souza. “It shows me that they weren’t doing good enough work to get promoted within a single organization, so they had to climb the corporate ladder by continually going somewhere where they have no history.”For people who made a couple of wrong choices, the best thing they can do is be ready to have an honest explanation of why they did some hopping. Mary Marino, founder of EmployementPipeline.com, says the job candidate has to be able to substantiate why the job hopping was necessary. For instance, if there was no room to grow within the company, or if the job turned into something that wouldn’t further their career are two valid reasons for making some changes. “Since previous job history is only one of many metrics used by employers to predict new hire commitment levels, I wouldn’t say it’s frowned upon or expected,” says Marino. “What is expected however is that job changes be thoroughly explained and are clearly in the best interest of the candidate’s career advancement.”One of the worst things job seekers can say during an interview to explain away job hopping is, “I’m always looking for another opportunity,” says Jeffrey Agranoff, principal at accounting firm Friedman. Using that statement as an explanation will actually back fire instead of helping. “It’s a very popular answer lately but to me it’s an automatic turn off,” he says. “It doesn’t show loyalty. Why would I hire somebody who is always looking?”At the end of the day, the best thing people can do to advance their career and avoid hopping from one job to the next is to think strategically about their employment. That means before you accept any job, inquire about your progression within the firm. For instance is there a way to move up or will you be doing the same role in three or five years from now. You also want to work for a company that provides you the opportunity to enhance your existing skills and learn new ones. “It’s really about communications and having a game plan,” says O’Donnell. “If you can’t move forward at your current employer, then carefully choose your next employer to have that opportunity to grow.” Growing by switching companies is not the solution, she says.
This is a post from a member of the Freelancers Union community. If you’re interested in sharing your expertise, your story, or some advice you think will help a fellow freelancer out, feel free to send your blog post to us here.I have a deep respect for anyone who takes the leap to go out on their own to start their own business. For most entrepreneurs, that means living life without a safety net. You’re putting yourself, your product, and your service out into the market and acting largely out of faith in yourself: faith that you will be able to make a living and faith that you will be able to support yourself, your family, and your employees.For me, the experience has been both thrilling and terrifying. Thrilling because it has allowed me to have an enormous amount of freedom–both with my time and with my finances. Terrifying because my success depends on me. I have no one to blame but me. I alone am accountable to my clients, my employees, my family, and to myself.There are a few things that I’ve learned over the years of being self-employed that I think are worth sharing. Things that I wish someone had told me in the beginning.Lessons that I’ve had to learn the hard way.There will be highs–and there will be lowsSome days, I’ve felt on top of the world. Unstoppable. Like a gladiator in the battle of a lifetime. On the other hand, some days (and weeks) I find myself hardly able to get out of bed. I’ve learned that the bounce between highs and lows is a necessary evil. It’s my belief that anyone who tells you that everything is always amazing really isn’t paying enough attention to their business.Shit happens, and it happens to us all. You have to experience the lows in order to assess what’s causing that low, which allows you to correct your course. The aim is to not have that particular low again; lows are opportunities for learning.I confess that I’ve not found one magic bullet that gets me through the valleys faster and on the peaks longer, but I do have a few tools in my toolbox that I have found helpful over the years:Get out of your head. Get out of self and into service. Do something nice for someone else that has nothing to do with your business. Write things down so that you can see in black and white if you’re being dramatic (most entrepreneurs have a flair for the dramatic) or if those thoughts swimming in your head are real.Take time off. As the leader, your attitude is contagious. If you’re in a bad mood, it’s better to stay home than to allow your energy to infect your team. Take a personal day and reset. Take a day to just drive and sing to the radio. Shake up your routine. Exercise more than usual. Don’t beat yourself up for taking time for yourself. You work hard; you have to take time to recharge your batteries and get your mind right. Trying to push through it, I have found, only results in you being more worn down, more frustrated, and bitchier with the people around you. Take some time and come back a rock star.Stop isolating yourself. Your employees and your significant other are not the best people to blow off steam with (at least for me). Your employees will get scared when you’re just blowing off steam and expressing frustration, because, let’s face it, sometimes you just want to shut the whole thing down. That kind of talk will freak them out, and most likely, the truth is that you don’t really mean it. Your spouse is going to want to fix it (especially men) and sometimes you don’t need a fix… you just need a sounding board. Find someone that you can blow off steam to who is outside the influence of your business decisions. That can be a coach, friend, therapist, a bartender… the point is to start talking. When you hear yourself talking about what’s going on in your head, you’ll likely be able to detect the bullshit and correct your course.There will be distractionsHave a goal and a plan that is yours and make sure that they excite you. There are going to be so many distractions disguised as opportunities. Don’t fall for them! Stay on track and don’t be tempted by distractions that aren’t authentic to the outcomes you are looking for in your life.Everything will take at least twice as long as you thought it wouldI’ve been practicing time-blocking for years. I love it! I think it’s a great practice. But for the life of me, I can’t accurately project how long it will take to complete a task. I think I’m finished, and then realize I have 10 more steps to go.I’ve found it helpful in my business to think about the stages of a project when I go into it. For example, there’s planning, building, polishing, preparing for distribution, marketing, and then sales. Since I’m a creative type, my focus is on the building. Therefore, I budget enough time for the building, forgetting that all the other steps need attention too.Go into any project with eyes open to all the parts of the project, not just the parts that you particularly enjoy.Find the fun in what you doIf you’re anything like me, you’ll grow bored with the day-to-day. For example, I like to continue to build out new courses and opportunities to engage with my students/clients. That’s my personal way to find the fun in what I do, so I create as many opportunities to be with my users face-to-face as much as possible. I also like to travel; that’s a fun activity that I’m able to have because of what I do.Those two things help me get through the day-to-day and move forward. The fun doesn’t always just appear… you have to actively look for it.You can’t do it aloneAs an entrepreneur, you likely have an independent streak. I’m guessing that you’re the kind of person that says things like, “If you want something done right, do it yourself.” I say that a lot even still after all these years!I’ve realized that this mindset holds me back. Talented people are drawn to opportunities that allow them to develop their skills and have an impact. If you’re hogging the ball, you’ll end up with an empty court.When I think about the big things that I wish someone had shared with me when I started, these would be a few of them. I hope you find them helpful!Chad Peevy is an entrepreneur who helps businesses realize their potential. Chad is the Founder and Creator of The Agent School: an online learning platform to help build the business of real estate agents and fellow entrepreneurs.
It doesn’t matter how great your day is going. If you’re experiencing bloating and gas – common side effects of indigestion – it’s really hard to keep a smile on your face. And unfortunately, plenty of different foods could be to blame.‘Our digestive system is home to trillions of microbes that help break down our food and keep our intestines healthy,’ explains Layne Lieberman, MS, RD, nutritionist and author of Beyond the Mediterranean Diet: European Secrets Of the Super-Healthy.But we can easily screw it up by eating foods that mess with the good bacteria, she explains. Here are 14 foods to skip (or at least limit) to keep your belly – and your life – running as smoothly as possible.Artificial SweetenersConsider this yet another reason to ditch diet soda for good. One study found that when people consumed artificial sweeteners – spartame, sucralose, and saccharin – the gut bacteria that controls metabolism was altered.That can lead to all sorts of gastrointestinal (GI) problems, including an increased propensity to convert food into fat, says Lieberman. Meaning not only does it become more difficult to lose weight, but it’s actually easier to gain. Not cool.CoffeeYour daily pick-me-up could be doing more than just waking you up. ‘Not only is coffee acidic, but it also contains caffeine, which speeds up the digestive tract and may cause diarrhoea,’ explains Katie Cavuto, MS, RD, a nutritionist and chef in Philadelphia. That caffeine is also a diuretic, she explains, meaning it can lead to dehydration and even nausea. What’s more: coffee causes the stomach to produce hydrochloric acid (HCL), which can cause heartburn and indigestion. So if you find yourself regularly experiencing GI issues after your cup of joe, limit it to one cup a day and don’t drink it on an empty stomach to help ease those unpleasant symptoms.CarrageenanNot every ingredient in a natural food product may be good for you. Case in point: carrageenan, a gum derived from seaweed and used as a stabilider in organic and natural foods like soy milk, low-fat yogurt, salad dressing, and ice cream. It can cause a host of gut issues, says Lieberman. Research even suggests that the additive may cause inflammation, which can lead to ulcerations and inflammatory bowel disease (IBS).This isn’t to say you should skip dairy completely, though. ‘In fact, organic low-fat yogurt has beneficial effects on your gut by improving the natural flora (good bacteria) in your GI tract,’ says Lieberman. She recommends sticking to one cup per day, but if you’re experiencing GI issues after eating dairy, try one cup of lactose-free, low-fat milk instead. And be sure to check that carrageenan doesn’t appear on the ingredient list – you should only see ‘low-fat milk’ and cultures – and avoid the fruit-flavoured and ‘dessert’ kinds, which have added sugars.Broccoli‘Cruciferous veggies, such as broccoli and cauliflower, contain complex sugars that you can’t digest,’ says Cavuto. ‘They’re called raffinose, and they can produce gas. They’re also rich in soluble fibre, which doesn’t break down until reaching the small intestine, and that can cause gas, too.’This in turn causes all those familiar symptoms of indigestion –bloating, upset stomach, and gas. But we’re not saying you shouldn’t munch on broccoli for dinner (it has way too many health benefits to give up).Instead, do your best not to overcook your veggies, as that destroys the health bennies you’re after. Also, consider taking a digestive supplement, which contains enzymes that help break down those hard-to-digest plant fibres. If you’re still in need of a healthy-gut-bacteria boost, dig into some Greek yoghurt for breakfast, which is full of probiotics that can help.Sugar-Free FoodsSteer clear of those ‘sugar-free’ sweets and gum: sorbitol, maltitol, xylitol, and other sugar alcohols are frequently added to these products, which can cause bloating, gas, or a laxative effect when eaten in excessive amounts, says Lieberman. Her rule of thumb: if a sugar alcohol appears in the first three ingredients of a food, avoid it. Oh, and another reason to cut back on that sugar-free gum habit: it can stimulate the stomach to secrete acids that your body doesn’t need, which may contribute to the development of stomach ulcers. Ouch.Milk, Soft Cheese, and Ice CreamWhile only 4% of adults have true food allergies, according to the National Institutes of Health, lactose intolerance is found in around 65 percent of adults, explains Cavuto. It happens when you lack the digestive enzyme (lactase) to process lactose, a sugar found in milk, and results in GI distress with symptoms like bloating and diarrhoea. But even if you’re not lactose intolerant, eating too much dairy can lead to its being digested in the large intestine instead of the stomach, which can cause an upset stomach, diarrhoea, and gas, she says. A better choice: hard (aged) cheeses have lower amounts of lactose, and yogurt is typically well tolerated because the live cultures digest lactose better, says Lieberman.Fried FoodsObviously, a plate of chips and fried chicken fingers isn’t exactly the picture of a healthy meal. But it’s worse than we thought, as fried, fatty foods can cause major distress in your GI tract in more than one way: ‘Fried foods can move undigested through the body too quickly, leading to diarrhoea,’ says Lieberman. Or they can do the exact opposite: Since these foods are usually low in fibre, they could stay in your digestive tract too long, making you feel full, bloated, and potentially causing constipation. Either way, it’s a lose-lose.Citrus FruitIf you’re having digestive trouble, it can be tempting to load up on healthy foods like fruits and veggies. But watch out… ‘Acidic foods, like tomato sauce and citrus fruits, like lemons, limes, oranges, and grapefruit, may cause you more trouble,’ says Lieberman. They can further irritate the lining of your stomach, leading to heartburn or acid reflux. Cut back on these until you’re feeling better, and instead load up on applesauce or bananas to help ease discomfort, she suggests.Onions and GarlicEver heard of FODMAPs? They’re a group of sugars and fibres found in foods – think onions, garlic, and wheat products – that aren’t absorbed well in the small intestine, causing a host of gut issues like gas, bloating, stomach pain, diarrhoea, or constipation for some people, says Cavuto.Other FODMAP-containing foods include healthy bites like pears, apples, beans, cabbage, and cauliflower, so unfortunately, it can be hard to pinpoint what’s causing your distress. If you’re having serious GI problems, talk to a doctor to see if FODMAPs could be to blame, as the process to determine whether you have a sensitivity to them can be tricky.CornThis summertime-into-fall food isn’t exactly easy on your system. ‘If you don’t chew it long enough, it can pass through your system undigested and cause an upset stomach,’ Lieberman says. Blame the cellulose it contains, which is an insoluble plant fibre, and the fact that humans lack the enzyme needed to break it down in our bodies. When you do nibble a cob, remember to chew thoroughly before you swallow.Raw FoodsBacteria in raw animal products can cause food poisoning (talk about stomach issues!), so take appropriate precautions when handling perishable foods like raw meat, poultry, eggs, and seafood, warns Lieberman. Make sure to cook foods to proper temperatures to destroy bacteria, and don’t leave them unrefrigerated for more than two hours to prevent bacterial growth. And if spending the entire night next to the toilet due to food poisoning isn’t enough of a warning, keep in mind that harmful bacteria like E. coli and salmonella can potentially be life threatening, so play it safe.GrainsGluten might just be one of the most common culprits when it comes to wreaking havoc on the digestive system. Whether you have celiac disease or not, Harvard Medical School says a growing number of people are finding they can’t properly digest gluten. If you find you’re experiencing bloating, pain, gas, or diarrhoea after eating foods like bread and pasta, grains might be to blame.AlcoholSipping on a margarita is all fun and games until your digestion gets all out of whack. Booze is a common trigger of leaky gut: According to Harvard Medical School, it causes inflammation, which can lead to problems with your digestive tract. If you think alcohol might be behind your issues, maybe stick to something that’s easier on your stomach, like good old fashioned H2O.NutsWho knew your love of nuts could be getting you into digestive trouble? While they’re easy for some people to digest, others have a really hard time: “As those little pieces wash over some areas of the gastrointestinal system, they may irritate an already-irritated or inflamed area and cause discomfort,” David Dahlman, D.C., wrote on his website. Instead of eating raw nuts, go for nut butters, which are smooth and don’t have any sharp edges.Source