Fall tillage? Is it necessary?

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest It’s dry and we harvested early, so we have time to kill — and diesel is cheap. Sjoerd Duiker, soil management specialist at Penn State, is a graduate of OSU’s School of Environment and Natural Resources and works just next door. A year ago he supplied us with these remarks on when and why to do fall tillage, it bears repeating.When compaction has been caused, remedial action may be needed. This is especially the case if ruts have been created. If no ruts are seen it is probably not needed to do tillage — instead plant a cover crop to use the living root system to alleviate compaction.Ruts need to be smoothened out to be able to plant the next crop successfully, however. If ruts are uniformly distributed across the whole field, some type of tillage may need to be done on the whole field. In many cases, however, ruts are localized and only need localized repair.It will be necessary to till deeper than the depth of compaction. Shallow ‘vertical tillage’ tools that only do tillage in the top 4 inches will not be sufficient to manage soil compaction.Very tough shanks are needed that will penetrate instead of bounce on top of the compacted layer. New subsoilers can do maximum fracturing without doing much surface disturbance with straight or bent-leg shanks. Parabolic shanks do much more surface disturbance and will need more secondary tillage for seedbed preparation and are therefore not preferred.Deep tillage may be what you could use in the fall, and then come back in the spring to smooth the field up with a field cultivator or disk harrow.Deep tillage should fracture the soil and it therefore needs to be performed in relatively dry soil.Deep tillage can be performed in a living cover crop in the spring — if you use the modern, low disturbance subsoilers. So let subsoiling not deter you from planting a cover crop.The more tillage you do, the more you set yourself up for increased compaction problems in the future.last_img read more

Features Revealed in Apple’s iOS 4.3: Multitouch Gestures, Social Networking…and Fixing that Darned iPad Mute Button!

first_imgRole of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement Tags:#Apple#mobile#news#web The Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Find My Friends, Credit: EngadgetFinally, iPad Gets Its Orientation Lock BackIf you’re a regular iPad reader, especially one who lounges in bed, reading the iPad at odd angles, you know that the device’s orientation sensor is easy to trigger. Just a slight move, and the screen flips from portrait to landscape. Fortunately, the built-in toggle switch made keeping the screen locked into place a breeze. But in iOS 4.2, Apple decided to make the toggle switch function more like it does on its other mobile devices – the update turned it into a mute button.Now, it’s not like you couldn’t use orientation lock feature – it’s still there – it’s just that process became a bit more cumbersome. You have to double-tap the Home button to bring up the multitasking bar, swipe right to reveal the player controls and then tap the orientation lock icon. Three steps when it used to be one.And yes, this was my own personal pet peeve, I have to admit. If you at all felt the same here, you’ll be pleased to know that the toggle switch will now be adjustable. If you’re dying to have it return to its old ways, that will be possible: orientation or mute, it’s your decision. For once, Apple isn’t telling me what’s best, but is giving me a choice, and for that, I’m grateful. Multitouch Gestures Switch; Credit: EngadgetFor some reason, the Internet rumor mill has decided that this (arguably somewhat advanced) feature means that Apple is intending to do away with the Home button on its devices. We’ll go just ahead and opine here: that’s crazy talk. As Apple insider John Gruber explains, “these gestures do mean that you don’t have to use the Home button. But there’s a serious discoverability problem with them. The physical Home button is impossible to miss. That it is the one and only button on the faces of these devices is a big part of why normal people are able to pick them up, start playing with them, and figure out how to get around with no help…I don’t think the iOS Home button is going anywhere.”Agreed.However, they look like great fun to try. sarah perez Related Posts Find My MobileMe Friends?A more curious development is the reference to a “Find My Friends” setting within Apple’s MobileMe service. MobileMe, a premium service providing email, calendar, contacts, file and photo sharing and more, appears to be adding a social element, too. In the developer build, this feature was spotted in strings related to the Settings app, but what it means is still unclear.One line of speculation is that this may be the start of a location-enabled service, which will help you find your friends near you.And perhaps, as Engadget recalls, it’s related to that Apple patent application which showed plans for a location-based social networking app called “iGroups.” As described, iGroups would let people share data with each other using a service like MobileMe. New Features: Here’s What We KnowYesterday, Apple seeded the beta of iOS 4.3 to developers for the iPad, iPhone and iPod Touch. In it are the following new features:Wi-Fi Hotspot: As we already knew, the personal hotspot capabilities are present for GSM devices, although it’s up to individual carriers to implement this setting. It’s doubtful that AT&T will be one of them. Verizon, however, is. AirPlay support for third-party native and Web applications: Previously in iOS 4.2, AirPlay, the feature that lets you stream video from your mobile device to an Apple TV or other third-party AirPlay-enabled hardware, was only available to the built-in Apple apps. With 4.3, any third party app can offer this functionality, too. A redesigned FaceTime icon: A minor change, but it looks good. Support for fullscreen iAd banners on iPad: A new iAd format which Apple says is “easy to implement,” allows its users to collect 60% of the revenue generated. Multitouch gesture support for the iPad: More on this belowConfigurable switch for the iPad, as mentioned above, the toggle can be used as a mute button or orientation lockHTTP Live Streaming Statistics: This allows developers to track their video streams’ popularity and measure their performance. New FaceTime icon; Credit: 9to5macThe Biggest News?: Multitouch GesturesThe multitouch gesture support is probably the most interesting of all the known additions. When the update goes live on the iPad, you’ll be able to use four or five fingers to pinch to the homescreen, swipe up to reveal the multitasking bar and swipe left or right between apps.The gestures will have their own panel in within the Settings application on the iPad, where they can be switched on or off. A Wi-Fi hotspot feature which can be turned on by the iPhone’s mobile carriers isn’t the only new addition expected in Apple’s forthcoming update to its mobile operating system, iOS 4.3. A developer build of the OS released yesterday has revealed several notable additions, including support for multitouch gestures, improvements to AirPlay, new ad formats for iAd and even hints of what may be a social networking gambit tied into Apple’s MobileMe platform.However, as a regular iPad reader, I have to admit I’m just as thrilled that the iPad’s right-side toggle switch, which begin its life as an orientation lock (locking portrait or landscape modes) before being transformed into a mute button via the latest update, is now going to be configurable by the end user. Mute switch or orientation lock: it’s your call. Thank you, Apple, thank you.last_img read more

Punjab CM welcomes Centre’s move on CDS

first_imgPunjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh has welcomed the creation of a Chief of the Defence Staff post as a vital step in strengthening and streamlining the command structure of the country’s defence services.Hailing the Union government’s decision as the fulfilment of a long-pending demand, first mooted by the then UPA government in the wake of the Kargil war, the Chief Minister said the move would go a long way in improving the command and control system of the Indian armed forces.Capt. Amarinder said that a CDS was suggested back in 2009 by the Naresh Chandra committee under the United Progressive Alliance, as the permanent chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC). The decision, however, then could not be implemented though it was felt that such a post would bring in more effective coordination and cohesiveness in the armed forces.“With the CDS to coordinate them, the three defence services, viz the Army, the Navy and the Air Force, the Indian armed forces would become more integrated, thus enhancing their effectiveness,” the Chief Minister said in a statement.last_img read more

Trelawny PC Welcomes Development Projects

first_imgThe Trelawny Parish Council has welcomed a number of development projects for the parish that are being funded by the Sugar Transformation Unit (STU) in the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries. The projects comprise road rehabilitation and construction/upgrading of community infrastructure, including a school and a clinic. Lead assigned representative of the Council to the STU, and Councillor for the Sherwood Content Division, Telka Holt, expressed pleasure at the works, which she said, have been approved by the Council. She noted that the roads to be worked on will improve access to other towns and communities. “These roads were at times not traversed because they were blocked, and now that they are going to be opened, people will have access to them,” she said. Under the STU project, 5.9 kilometres of roadway between Duncans and Long Pond will be rehabilitated, in addition to the 5.45-kilometre Hampdenland Back Road, while $1.9 million will be spent on improvements to Blagrove Drive. The Jackson Town playfield will also be upgraded at a cost of $5 million, to include seating areas; $15 million will be spent on the construction of a library and resource centre in Clark’s Town; and $1.8 million for rehabilitation of the Sawyer’s water tank. Ms. Holt also reported that upgrading of the Happy Venture Basic School, which is being undertaken at a cost of $2.5 million is 65 per cent complete, while the procurement of furniture and equipment for the Duncan’s Health Centre, at a cost of $45 million, has almost concluded. Councillor Holt urged residents of the beneficiary communities to use the roads and community facilities being provided with care. “It does not make any sense that we create this development, give you the facilities, put these structures in place and then we vandalise them. We need to protect them. If there are other persons who are going to vandalise, let us caution them. If we have to call the police, call the police,” she urged. Contact: Garfield L. Anguslast_img read more

1.4 Million Cruise Ship Visitors Expected By End of 2014

first_imgTourism and Entertainment Minister, Hon. Dr. Wykeham McNeill, says cruise ship visitor arrivals to Jamaica are projected to surpass the 1.4 million mark by the end of 2014, for the first time.This is based on the port of call itinerary of a number of cruise lines, whose ships are scheduled to dock in Jamaica.Making his 2013/14 Sectoral Debate presentation in the House on July 3, under the theme: ‘A Sector for the People: Making Tourism for Us All’, Dr. McNeill said Jamaica will, this year, for the first time, welcome Disney Cruises out of the United States.He informed that the cruise line, slated to dock at the Falmouth pier in Trelawny, will be bringing both the Disney Wonder and Fantasy brands, with the former making its inaugural trek in October this year. The Minister described the introduction of such a strong brand as “tremendous” for Jamaica.“We are also concentrating on home porting, and Montego Bay will see the AIDA Bella as well as the Louis Cristal Cuba Cruises home porting there, starting in November and December of this year, respectively,” he told the House of Representatives.Dr. McNeill also had good news for Ocho Rios, St. Ann, as he announced that come 2014, the port will welcome, for the first time, Norwegian Epic, as well as the return of Royal Caribbean.While noting that cruise ship arrivals increased by 17.3 per cent in 2012, the Minister said Jamaica expects to end 2013 “marginally down”.“But, we have to view this in the context of two phenomenal years of growth after the opening of the Falmouth pier. I have every confidence that the tourism sector will meet the expectations we are placing on it, as the path ahead continues to offer promise of further growth, and destination Jamaica retains its international competitive edge,” Dr. McNeill said.Contact: Douglas McIntosh.last_img read more