The Trelawny Parish Council has welcomed a number of development projects for the parish that are being funded by the Sugar Transformation Unit (STU) in the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries. The projects comprise road rehabilitation and construction/upgrading of community infrastructure, including a school and a clinic. Lead assigned representative of the Council to the STU, and Councillor for the Sherwood Content Division, Telka Holt, expressed pleasure at the works, which she said, have been approved by the Council. She noted that the roads to be worked on will improve access to other towns and communities. “These roads were at times not traversed because they were blocked, and now that they are going to be opened, people will have access to them,” she said. Under the STU project, 5.9 kilometres of roadway between Duncans and Long Pond will be rehabilitated, in addition to the 5.45-kilometre Hampdenland Back Road, while $1.9 million will be spent on improvements to Blagrove Drive. The Jackson Town playfield will also be upgraded at a cost of $5 million, to include seating areas; $15 million will be spent on the construction of a library and resource centre in Clark’s Town; and $1.8 million for rehabilitation of the Sawyer’s water tank. Ms. Holt also reported that upgrading of the Happy Venture Basic School, which is being undertaken at a cost of $2.5 million is 65 per cent complete, while the procurement of furniture and equipment for the Duncan’s Health Centre, at a cost of $45 million, has almost concluded. Councillor Holt urged residents of the beneficiary communities to use the roads and community facilities being provided with care. “It does not make any sense that we create this development, give you the facilities, put these structures in place and then we vandalise them. We need to protect them. If there are other persons who are going to vandalise, let us caution them. If we have to call the police, call the police,” she urged. Contact: Garfield L. Angus
Dirk Meissner, The Canadian Press VICTORIA — The tiny remains of an extinct bug-like creature discovered at British Columbia’s 500-million-year-old Burgess Shale fossil deposit add a new branch to the evolutionary tree of life, says a PhD student who tracked down the organism’s development.The discovery of fossilized soft tissue, including the unique digestive tract, antennae and appendages of extinct agnostids help solve a long-standing evolutionary riddle about the agnostids’ family tree, says Joe Moysiuk, an ecology and evolutionary biology PhD student at the University of Toronto.The peer-reviewed study, published Wednesday in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B in the United Kingdom, links the agnostids to trilobites as distant cousins. Evolutionary researchers have pondered if trilobites were related to agnostids and the new research proves the connection, Moysiuk said.“Agnostids appear to be what we call the sister group, sort of like a distant cousin of trilobites,” he said. “They are more closely related to other trilobites than other anthropods, like say, crustaceans or like arachnids, spiders and such.”Trilobites, which are also extinct, are similar to today’s horseshoe crabs, Moysiuk said. Moysiuk and Paleontologist Jean-Bernard Caron, an associate evolutionary biology professor at University of Toronto and a senior curator at the Royal Ontario Museum, conducted the research.Moysiuk said their research also helps answer questions about the origins of agnostids, which lived between 520 million and 450 million years ago.The work emphasizes the importance of continued exploration at Burgess Shale to trace the evolutionary process of other species, Moysiuk said in an interview.“This is an animal that’s been a big mystery in terms of where it fits into the tree of life for a very long time and so it’s always nice to fit in a little piece of the puzzle.”Agnostids are typically less than a centimetre long, with armour plates on their backs, a circular head shield and a similar looking tail shield, he said.Moysiuk said finding the agnostids in the Burgess Shale area is important because not only is the hard, shell-like part of the creature preserved, but so is the soft tissues such its nervous system and digestive tracts, sometimes even containing the last meal of the animal.“These fossils really give us this unparalleled insight into what life was like back in the Cambrian period.”He said the discovery of the crustacean-like soft tissue was “even weirder than what we would have imagined.”They found a pair of sensory antennae at the front of the animals body and two pairs of swimming appendages, that it would have used like oars to paddle its way through the water, he said.“They have lots of segments and these strange sort of club-like outgrowth coming off of them, which we hypothesize may have been used for respiration in these animals. So they were breathing through their legs, potentially.” Moysiuk said he’s been at the Marble Canyon site at Kootenay National Park where the fossils were found, but spends much of his time at the Royal Ontario Museum, where there’s a huge collection of fossils from the Burgess Shale.
Los Angeles: Anxiety and depression may significantly increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and arthritis, comparable to smoking and obesity, a study warns.Researchers from the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) in the US looked at the health data of more than 15,000 older adults over a four-year period.The study, published in the journal Health Psychology, found that 16 per cent (2,225) suffered from high levels of anxiety and depression, 31 per cent (4,737) were obese and 14 per cent (2,125) were current smokers. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfParticipants with high levels of anxiety and depression were found to face 65 per cent increased odds for a heart condition, 64 per cent for stroke, 50 per cent for high blood pressure and 87 for arthritis, compared to those without anxiety and depression.”These increased odds are similar to those of participants who are smokers or are obese,” said Aoife O’Donovan from UCSF.”However, for arthritis, high anxiety and depression seem to confer higher risks than smoking and obesity,” O’Donovan said. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveUnlike the other conditions investigated, the researchers found that high levels of depression and anxiety were not associated with cancer incidence.This confirms results from previous studies, but contradicts a prevailing idea shared by many patients, researchers said.”Our findings are in line with a lot of other studies showing that psychological distress is not a strong predictor of many types of cancer,” O’Donovan said.”On top of highlighting that mental health matters for a whole host of medical illnesses, it is important that we promote these null findings. We need to stop attributing cancer diagnoses to histories of stress, depression and anxiety,” O’Donovan said. The researchers discovered that symptoms such as headache, stomach upset, back pain and shortness of breath increased exponentially in association with high stress and depression.Odds for headache, for example, were 161 per cent higher in this group, compared with no increase among the participants who were obese and smokers.”Anxiety and depression symptoms are strongly linked to poor physical health, yet these conditions continue to receive limited attention in primary care settings, compared to smoking and obesity,” said Andrea Niles from UCSF.”To our knowledge this is the first study that directly compared anxiety and depression to obesity and smoking as prospective risk factors for disease onset in long-term studies,” Niles said.
Stressed about flying? Listening to this one song will help reduce stress levels Tags: Flying, Music Travelweek Group TORONTO — Flying can be a nerve-wracking experience for many people. But did you know that there’s a way to instantly reduce stress simply by listening to one particular song?According to Southern Living, a team of neuroscientists from the United Kingdom has found that the song ‘Weightless’ by the group Marconi Union reduces overall anxiety by as much as 65%.The team conducted a study in 2017 that involved participants attempting to solve a puzzle as quickly as possible while being hooked up to sensors to monitor stress levels. After giving them a music playlist to listen to, scientists found that above all other songs, ‘Weightless’ was the one that helped keep participants relatively stress-free.Not only did the song reduce overall anxiety, it was found to reduce participants’ usual physiological resting rates by 35%.It comes as no surprise that ‘Weightless’ has that effect on people; the song’s harmonies and rhythms were arranged to “slow a listener’s heart rate, reduce blood pressure and lower levels of the stress hormone cortisol,” reports Inc.More news: Apply now for AQSC’s agent cruise ratesSo next time you have a nervous flier for a client, suggest a quick download of ‘Weightless’. It should make for one relaxing flight! Share Wednesday, July 4, 2018 << Previous PostNext Post >> Posted by